Counterfeit currency in Spain

This article refers to the crime of currency counterfeiting. This crime is much more serious than any other crime of document falsification and whoever commits it risks many years in prison.

What do we understand by counterfeit currency?

First of all, it is worth remembering that counterfeiting coins is a serious crime.
Likewise, the penalties range from 8 to 12 years in prison, and the corresponding fine that will have to be paid will be based on the value of the currency.

When determining what the primary purpose of this criminal act is, it is very simple:

Obtaining a profit using a bill or coin that has no value because it is counterfeit or manufacturing counterfeit coins.

But, the doubt that usually arises for clients in these cases is in relation to the person who mistakenly obtains and uses a counterfeit bill. That is, think of that person who pays in any establishment with a bill that he previously obtained without knowing that it was fake. If that were to happen, we would have to question two things:

  • If the customer has obtained a counterfeit bill in good faith, and wants to get rid of said money by paying at another establishment, would he be committing a crime? The answer is yes. Obviously, it is a less serious act than the act of forgery, but it is also a crime punishable by imprisonment and fines. Furthermore, the Law considers that knowing that a banknote is false and proceeding to use it also represents the continuation of a chain that will not be broken until said banknote is confiscated.

  • What will happen if I use a bill but I don’t know that the bill is fake? In this case, the business that receives the ticket may consider that it was an attempted scam. However, it would need to be tested. Therefore, in these situations it is advisable to go to a law firm specializing in the matter that knows how to manage, analyze and proceed in defense of the injured party.

Regarding the appearance of counterfeit bills, it is becoming easier to identify them, since there are special devices to detect the possible falsification of a bill in almost all stores.

However, it is important to physically detect what a counterfeit bill looks like.

Here we detail some of the characteristics they usually have:

-Touch: The fake bill usually stands out for not having the consistency and firmness of a real one. You should know that real bills are made of cotton fiber and fake bills are usually made of cellulose.
-Security elements: If we see real bills with light, we can see security elements such as the watermark and the security shine in the middle of the bill that allow us to differentiate it from a fake one.

-Turn the bill: The purpose of turning the bill is to look at the number on it, as it changes color from green to dark blue.

-Serial number: Many times counterfeit bills repeat their serial number.

With these three characteristics we can differentiate a priori the falsification of a bill, but, as I have previously mentioned, each time we find cases in which it is very difficult to differentiate them, so if we have a business, it is best to acquire a machine to detect them.

Piñera del Olmo

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